1. Summarise the following text.
Beauty is easy to appreciate but difficult to define. As we look around, we discover beauty in pleasurable objects and sights – in nature, in the laughter of children, in the kindness of strangers. But asked to define, we run into difficulties. Does beauty have an independent objective identity? Is it universal, or is it dependent on our sense perceptions? Does it lie in the eye of the beholder? – we ask ourselves. A further difficulty arises when beauty manifests itself not only by its presence, but by its absence as well, as when we are repulsed by ugliness and desire beauty. But then ugliness has as much a place in our lives as beauty, or may be more— as when there is widespread hunger and injustice in a society. Philosophers have told us that beauty is an important part of life, but isn’t ugliness a part of life too? And if art has beauty as an important ingredient, can it confine itself only to a projection of beauty? Can art ignore what is not beautiful?
3. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order.
(a) It was disturbing the valley of Namea.
(b) Hercules burnt all the heads of the Hydra and buried the immortal one under a huge rock.
(c) He was a mighty man.
(d) Then, he faced a monster called the Hydra.
(e) It had nine heads, of which one was immortal.
(f) King Eurystheus and his cousin made him to some difficult jobs.
(g) One of the jobs was to confront a terrible lion.
(h) Hercules was the son of Jupiter and Alcmena.
(i) These jobs are known as the ‘Twelve labours of Hercules’ in Greek Myths.
(j) Hercules killed it bare-handed.
4. Write a paragraph on ‘The Historic Speech of 7th March’ in about 120 words based on the answer of the following questions.
(a) When was the speech delivered?
(b) Where was the speech delivered?
(c) Who were addressed in this speech?
(d) How was the speech related to our national history?
(e) How is the speech evaluated internationally?
5. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words.
It was a hot day in summer. There was scorching heat of the sun. On that day a crow became very thirsty, but there was no water around it…………………..
6. Write down the theme of the following poem.
O father and mother if buds are nipped,
And blossoms blown away;
And if the tender plants are stripped
Of their joy in the springing day,
By sorrow and care’s dismay, ——
How shall the summer arise in joy,
Or the summer fruits appear?
Or how shall we gather what griefs destroy,
Or bless the mellowing year,
When the blasts of winter appear?