1. Read the passage and answer the questions A and B.
Beauty is easy to appreciate but difficult to define. As we look around, we discover beauty in pleasurable objects and sights – in nature, in the laughter of children, in the kindness of strangers. But asked to define, we run into difficulties. Does beauty have an independent objective identity? Is it universal, or is it dependent on our sense perceptions? Does it lie in the eye of the beholder? –we ask ourselves.
A further difficulty arises when beauty manifests itself not only by its presence, but by its absence as well, as when we are repulsed by ugliness and desire beauty. But then ugliness has as much a place in our lives as beauty, or may be more – as when there is widespread hunger and injustice in a society. Philosophers have told us that beauty is an important part of life, but isn’t ugliness a part of life too? And if art has beauty as an important ingredient, can it confine itself only to a projection of beauty? Can art ignore what is not beautiful?
Poets and artists have provided an answer by incorporating both into their work. In doing so, they have often tied beauty to truth and justice, so that what is not beautiful assumes a tolerable proportion as something that represents some truth about life. John Keats, the romantic poet, wrote in his celebrated ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’ ‘Beauty is truth, truth beauty,’ by which he means that truth, even if it’s not pleasant, becomes beautiful at a higher level. Similarly, what is beautiful forever remains true. Another meaning, in the context of the Grecian Urn – an art object – is that truth is a condition of art.
Poetry in every language celebrates beauty and truth. So does art. Here are two poems from two different times that present some enduring ideas about beauty and truth. The poems are by Lord Byron (1788–1824), an English poet of the Romantic tradition and Emily Dickinson (1830–1886), an American poet who wrote about the human scene, love and death.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives.
(a) The word ‘appreciate’ means ——.
(i) praise (ii) choose (iii) select (iv) like
(b) The best synonym of ‘beholder’ is ——.
(i) runner (ii) sender (iii) watcher (iv) stopper
(c) The word ‘ingredient’ refers to ——.
(i) consciousness (ii) identity (iii) element (iv) destination
(d) What could be the closest meaning for ‘manifests?
(i) focuses (ii) represents (iii) qualifies (iv) designs
(e) The word ‘pleasurable’ could be replaced by ——.
(i) strange (ii) enjoyable (iii) credible (iv) unavoidable
B. Answer the following questions.
(a) When do we run into difficulties?
(b) Is ugliness a part of life? If so, how?
(c) What has John Keats written in “Ode on a Grecian Urn”?
(d) When does “ugliness” occupy a place in our life?
(e) How do poets and artists provide answer about the questions on how to define beauty?
4. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap.
The craft of (a) —— paper to give them different (b) —— without any cutting or pasting is called Oregami. Although not much is known about its (c) ——, Oregami has been (d) —— in the Orient for (e) ——. In fact, it has taken the form of sophisticated (f) —— in Japan where it is specially (g) —— for decorating and for (h) ——. As a form of (i) —— plaything, Oregami takes the form of birds, fish, insects, animals and geometrical figures, sometimes with (j) —— parts to imitate the movement of real life objects.
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order.
(a) “Please let me go to my country.”
(b) An English boy was making a small boat.
(c) “I shall cross the sea and go to my country by this boat.”
(d) He made all arrangements to send him to his country.
(e) Suddenly, he noticed a wonderful thing.
(f) Napoleon was charmed by the words of the small boy.
(g) “I haven’t seen my mother for a long time.”
(h) The boy said, “My country is on the other side of the sea.”
(i) One day Napoleon, the king of France, was walking along the seashore.
(j) The boy was brought before him and he asked him what he would do with such a small boat.
PartII : Writing (40 Marks)
6. Write a paragraph on ‘Your Best Friend’ in about 200 words based on the answers to the following questions :
(a) What is your best friend? (b) Why do like him? (c) Do you like to gossip with him? (d) What are the topics that you always discuss with him? (e) What his aim in life and why?
7. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words. Give a title to it.
Once there lived a poor man in a village. He had a peculiar goose which laid a golden egg everyday. The poor man earned his livelihood by……………
8. Write an email to one of your friends thanking him/her for a gift you received from him/her on your birthday.
10. Write down the theme of the following poem.
I died for beauty, but was scarce
Adjusted in the tomb,
When one who died for truth was lain
In an adjoining room.
He questioned softly why I failed?
‘For beauty,’ I replied.
‘And I for truth — the two are one;
We brethren are’, he said.
And so, as kinsmen met a-night,
We talked between the rooms,
Until the moss had reached our lips,
And covered up our names.