1. Read the following text and answer the questions A.
Folk music consists of songs and music of community that are uninfluenced by any sophisticated musical rules or any standard music styles. Bangladesh has a heritage of rich folk music which includes both religious and secular songs. Folk music may be described as that type of ancient music which springs from the heart of a community, based on their natural style of expression uninfluenced by the rules of classical music and modern popular songs. Any mode or form created by the combination of tune, voice and dance may be described as music. Thus, the combination of folk song, folk dance and folk tune may be called folk music. For example, Baul songs are a combination of tune, music and dance. In Bangladesh folk music has great variety with songs being composed on the culture, festivals, views of life, natural beauty, rivers and rural and reverine life. These songs are also about social inequality and poverty, about the material world and the supernatural. Mystical songs have been composed using the metaphors of rivers and boats. Since the country is basically reverine, the Bhatiyali forms an important genre of folk music. Folk music is formed and develops according to the environment. Differences in the natural environment are reflected in the people of the different regions. The dialects too vary across the different regions. Bangladeshi folk music, therefore, varies from region to region.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives.
(a) What could be the closest meaning for ‘sophisticated’?
(i) latest (ii) old (iii) last (iv) past
(b) The word ‘heritage’ refers to ——.
(i) heir (ii) tradition (iii) legitimacy (iv) intimacy
(c) The word ‘natural’ could be replaced by ——.
(i) artificial (ii) spontaneous (iii) deliberate (iv) wanton
(d) Folk music emanates from —— of a community.
(i) background (ii) heart (iii) core (iv) inside
(e) The synonym of ‘mystical’ is ——.
(i) dull (ii) material (iii) classical (iv) spiritual
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
In the last autumn vacation, I (a) —— (get) sufficient time. So, I (b) —— (make) up my mind to make a journey by train from Dhaka to Chattogram. I (c) —— (reach) the station about half an hour before the departure of the train. It (d) —— (be) then a very busy time. Rickshaws, motor cars and other vehicles (e) —— (come) to the station with passengers. Coolies (f) —— (run) behind them. There (g) —— (be) shouts and rush of the passengers and the coolies (h) —— (stand) in a queue. I also (i) —— (stand) in the line and (j) —— (buy) a second class ticket.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.
Anger is nothing but a vice. (a) It begets only the worst. (Negative) (b) Anger is one of the most inhuman vices. (Positive) (c) So, we should control it for our own sake. (Passive). (d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (Simple) (e) Realizing it, we should try to be emotionally balanced. (Complex)
7. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. If necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
Mendela left public life in June 2004 telling his adoring countrymen not to call them. Regarding it, Nadine Gordimer said, “He is at the epicenter of his time, our in South Africa and your, wherever your are.”
8. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blanks spaces.
Deforestation means cutting down of trees (a) —— (post-modify the verb). To meet up the basic needs of food and housing, trees are being cut in large scale and thus it causes (b) —— (pre-modify the noun) imbalance. Besides, there are some dishonest people who cut trees in our forest (c) —— (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) the (d) —— (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) level is rising and many parts of the world are going to be engulfed by the sea in near future. New areas of the world are (e) —— (use a participle to pre-modify the verb) turned into desert as a result of deforestation. So, we must stop (f) —— (use a participle to post-modify the verb) down trees unnecessarily. (g) —— (use a participle to pre-modify the noun) trees indiscriminately will be hazardous for our future existence. If we destroy trees (h) —— (use an adverbial phrase to post-modify the verb) one day the country will turn into a great desert, the (i) —— (use a participle to pre-modify the noun) temperature will cause greenhouse effect. Necessary measures should be taken (j) —— (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb).
9. Read the following passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below.
Books are men’s best friends in life. You may have many good friends but you do not find them when you need them. They may not always come to you with sympathy. Some may prove true or some may prove false and do you much harm. But books are ready to be your side. Some books will make you laugh, some others will give you much pleasure. Again some books will bring new knowledge and ideas. They are ever friends throughout your life.
(a) friend (antonym); (b) need (antonym); (c) sympathy (synonym); (d) prove (synonym); (e) false (antonym); (f) harm (antonym); (g) laugh (antonym); (h) pleasure (synonym); (i) bring (synonym); (j) idea (synonym).
10. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Bindu : do you read newspaper regularly Hema
Hema : Yes I do. What about you
Bindu : To tell you frankly I do not read newspaper regularly.
Hema : Why you get enough time.
Bindu : I do but I do not like. Moreover I think it is a wastage of time.
Hema : Strange why do you think so
Part II : (40 Marks)
11. Write an application to the Principal of your college for setting up a debating club in your college.
12. Write a report on “The prize-giving ceremony” at your college.
13. Write a short paragraph on ‘Mobile Phone.’
14. Write a composition on ‘Computer.’